National reconciliation and peacebuilding in Algeria : lessons for Libya?


Algeria is a post-conflict society that experienced a controversial process of reconciliation. The author scrutinises this process by highlighting the principal measures that were undertaken by the government, the constraints, and the complementary role played by civil society organisations. She also sets out the aspects of the Algerian experience that could be relevant for other countries experiencing violence, including Libya, where there is the need for reconciliation and peacebuilding processes. The analysis is divided into four sections. First, the author contextualises the conflict and sets out the main phases of the war. Then, she highlights the first steps toward negotiations and the factors that facilitated this. The third section examines the Civil Concord Law (CCL), which has been considered a significant milestone in the Algerian reconciliation process. The fourth element explores the principle components of national reconciliation looking particularly at the Charter for Peace and National Reconciliation (CNPR). Finally, the author illuminates the role that has been played by civil society organizations in establishing and enhancing the human rights regime after the war.