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Luca Raineri

Associate Researcher

Current Affiliation: Sant’Anna School of Advanced Studies (Pisa)

Dr Luca Raineri is a researcher in security studies. His work investigates transnational phenomena of security relevance (terrorism, organized crime, migration, climate change) with reference to the EU extended Mediterranean neighborhood and Africa at large. Dr Raineri holds one master degree in political theory from the Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales (EHESS) in Paris, and one in Human Rights and Conflict Management from the Sant’Anna School of Advanced Studies in Pisa. He obtained a PhD in Global Politics and Human Rights from the same institution, while being a member of the Research School on peace and conflict in Oslo. Dr Raineri has also worked as a consultant for numerous research centers and international organizations dealing with peacebuilding, security and development.

Selected bibliography:


  • Jihad in Africa: Terrorismo e controterrorismo nel Sahel (with Baldaro E., eds.), Bologna: Il Mulino 2022
  • La crisi libica e l’ordine internazionale, Rome: Carocci 2022.
  • Fringe regionalism. When peripheries become regions (with Mattheis F., Russo A.), London: Palgrave 2018.

Peer-reviewed journal articles:

  • Imagined Libya: geopolitics of the margins, L’Année du Maghreb 28(2), 2022
  • Drug Smuggling and the Stability of Fragile States. The diverging trajectories of Mali and Niger (with Strazzari, F.), Journal of Intervention and Statebuilding 16(2), 2022
  • The Bioeconomy of Sahel Borders: Informal Practices of Revenue and Data Extraction, Geopolitics 27(5), 2021.
  • Explaining the Rise of Jihadism in Africa: the Crucial Case of the Islamic State of the Greater Sahara, Terrorism and Political Violence 34(8), 2020.
  • Goldmining in the Sahara-Sahel: the political geography of state making and unmaking, International Spectator 55(4), 2020.
  • Security and informality in Libya: militarisation without military?”, Conflict, Security & Development 19(6), 2019
  • (B)ordering hybrid security? EU stabilisation practices in the Sahara-Sahel region (with Strazzari, F.), Ethnopolitics 18(5), 2019.
  • Human Smuggling across Niger: State-Sponsored Protection Rackets and Contradictory Security Imperatives”, Journal of Modern African Studies 56(1), 2018.
  • State, Secession and Jihad: The Micro-Political Economy of Conflict in North Mali” (with Strazzari F.), African Security 8(4), 2015.

Open-access research reports:

  • Lessons learnt on EU’s measures to prevent violent extremism in North Africa and the Sahel (with Strazzari F.), Policy Brief, PREVEX 2021.
  • The EU and other stakeholders’ prevention strategy towards violent extremism in the Maghreb and the Sahel (with Cissé A., Kalpakian J., Lounnas, D. Strazzari F.), Policy Brief, PREVEX 2020.
  • Sahel Climate Conflicts? When (Fighting) Climate Change Fuels Terrorism, Policy Brief, EUISS, 2020.
  • Fulfilling Implausible Expectations. Reducing Migratory Flows From Libya Amidst Porous Borders, Policy Brief 2018/14, Robert Schuman Centre, EUI, 2018.
  • If victims become perpetrators. Factors contributing to vulnerability and resilience to violent extremism in the central Sahel, Policy Report, International Alert and UNICRI, 2018.
  • The implementation of EU Crisis Response in Libya: Bridging theory and practice (with Loschi C., Strazzari F.), Working Paper, EUNPACK, 2018.
  • The Security-Migration-Development Nexus in the Sahel: A Reality Check (with Rossi A.), Working Paper 17, IAI, 2017.