Confidence Building to Avoid Military Clashes in the Persian Gulf


On 2 February 2021, the Middle East Directions Programme hosted Giovanni Romani, Sanam Vakil, Tytti Erästö, and Mahsa Rouhi as part of its Regional Security Initiative. Moderated by Luigi Narbone and Abdolrasool Divsallar, the event explored the possibility of military de-escalation measures in reducing tension between the US and Iran. This is a summary of the discussion, which focuses on the possibilities of strengthening the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA), while building communication channels to enhance trust among regional actors.